Johnson & Johnson is under legal scrutiny due to a discovered connection between baby powder and deadly cancers. For more than a century, Johnson & Johnson has manufactured and sold baby powder for use in cosmetics and personal care products. Recent lawsuits and studies have linked Johnson & Johnson baby powder to asbestos contamination.
Asbestos is a silicate mineral that when inhaled is hazardous to humans. Exposure to asbestos increases the risk of developing certain cancers, including malignant mesothelioma. The accidental inhalation of contaminated baby powder can also cause asbestos-related cancers.
Johnson & Johnson baby powder users diagnosed with mesothelioma have been bringing their grievances to court. A Los Angeles jury awarded $21.7 million in damages to 68-year-old Joanne Anderson. She used Johnson & Johnson baby powder for decades before developing mesothelioma. Anderson testified that her use of the product caused her to inhale talc, and thus asbestos. Johnson & Johnson denied liability.
A New Jersey jury awarded Stephen Lanzo compensatory damages of $37 million and $80 million in punitive damages. Like Anderson, Lanzo used baby powder for more than 30 years. Plaintiffs attorneys presented evidence showing cross-contamination of talc with asbestos.
Independent studies have shown that asbestos contamination is still commonplace in consumer-grade talc powder, despite current Food and Drug Administration regulations and corporate claims. Recently, Robert Cameron, M.D. led a series of tests on eleven different samples of cosmetic talc powder. Of those, eight were found to have contained tremolite, a type of asbestos.
Internal documents from Johnson & Johnson have been used against the company. One 1973 document reports that talc from a Johnson & Johnson mine “contains talc fragments classifiable as [asbestos] fiber.” In the same year, a Johnson & Johnson executive performed calculations to determine what the asbestos contamination level would be for a baby. These documents suggest that the company was aware of asbestos contamination issues. A May 1974 memo pushed to repress distribution of a pamphlet warning against asbestos contamination of talc. A stark contrast exists between these documents and Johnson & Johnson’s public statement issued at the time. “Johnson & Johnson takes great care to assure the quality of its products… Over fifty years of research and knowledge in this area indicates that there is no asbestos contained in the powder,” the company assured.